Battery A, 1st Maryland Light Artillery
Battery A, 1st Maryland Light Artillery, Rigby’s Battery was organized at Baltimore and Pikesville, Maryland, in August and September, 1861, to serve three year.
On the expiration of its term of service, the original members (except veterans) were mustered out, and the organization, composed of veterans and recruits, retained in service until March 11, 1865, when it was consolidated with Battery B, Maryland Light Artillery.
Battery A was originally a part of the Purnell Legion, Maryland Volunteers.
In the latter part of the ear 1861, Battery A was sent to the eastern shore of Virginia, where it rendered efficient service.
In the early part of 1862,the battery was sent to the Army of the Potomac, then under General McClellan, in his campaign against Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to the artillery reserve under General Hunt, where it performed splendid service, more especially at the battle of Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862, on the right of the Federal line with Sumner’s corps. In this battle the Federal artillery was instrumental in repulsing, with severe losses, the Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee.
During the Maryland campaign, caused by the invasion of Lee’s Confederate army in September, 1862, Battery A, Maryland Light Artillery, again rendered conspicuous service, especially at Crampton’s Gap, Md., September 14, 1862, and at the battle of Anteitam, September 17, 1862.
At the battle of Antietam (really the most severe in losses by death in a single day’s fight during the Civil War), Battery A, Maryland Light Artillery, was posted on the right of the line with Slocum’s Division, in front of the Dunker Church, where the battle raged fiercely all day, with alternate victory and defeat.
The battery was commended by General Slocum, commanding division, for its gallantry and efficiency.
The battery experienced serious loss in the battle.
After the battle of Antietam the battery took part with the Army of the Potomac in all of its subsequent movements, culminating in the battles of Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862, and Marye,s Heights, Va., May 3, 1863. At the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Battery A was highly complimented by Colonel Wainright, Chief of Artillery of the 1st Army Corps.
Battery A marched with the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign.